I give you the answers and you supply the questions. In case you wish to arm yourself, all answers are from chapters 1 to 10 in my Forensic Anthropology text book. Obviously this is to help me study for the mid-term that is this Wednesday. I don’t really expect anyone to give me the questions, and you don’t get anything really if you do….just so you know.
1. 1. Determine ancestry, sex, age and living height.
2. Determine the nature of trauma and injury
3. Estimate a postmortem interval.
4. Locate and recover buried remains.
5. Obtain positive identification of deceased.
1. Anthroposcopy 3. Metric methods 5. Histology
2. Osteometry 4. Chemical methods
1. Decision table 3. Indexes 5. Regression equations
2. Range Charts 4. Disciminant functions
4. Osteology is the study of the bones of a human skeleton.
5. Odontology is the study of the human dentition (teeth).
1.Many basic indications are marked on the teeth and bones like age, sex and ancestry.
2. Its importatn to understand the “normal” range of variation in human form because deviations are easier to identify.
7. Is it bone?
8. Histologically; human bone grows differently than animal bones.
Maturity; nonhuman bone that is the same size as immature human bone will have fused epiphysis while the immature human bone will not.
Architecture; bipedal human skeleton looks much different than the quadrupedal animal skeletons.
9. a. State of Preservation
color, texture, hydration, weight, condition, fragility and soft tissue.
b. Body Modification
piercings, tattoos, crainal deformation, dental modification and prosthetics.
c. Personal Belongings
coffin type, clothing, funerary goods.
d. Burial Conditions
cultures, locations, flexed burials, extended burials and secondary burials.
1. Location 3. Excavation
2. Mapping 4. Collection
11. a. swarms of insects, smell and visible body
b. vegetation disturbed, burial depression secondary depression
c. increased vegetation activity and soil color.
12. Starburst pattern used to work from the body out in all directions.
Check area for other human remains, weapons clothing electronic devices and nonhuman bones.
13. Allows for investigators to determine several things; carnivore activity, time since deposition, crime scen details, etc.
14. Carefully removes small fragments and remains are handled so nothing is lost or damaged.
1. Algor mortis; cooling of body-98.6 degrees general tempature of body. Environment greatly affects this.
2. Livor mortis; blood pooling-blood flows to lowest point of body, pulled by gravity which takes 6-8 hours.
3. Rigor mortis; body stiffening. Begins 1-2 hours after death, complete stiffening at 12 hours. Dissipates slowly.
16. We can tell how long a body has been dead which can help identify the body.
17. Environment and animals.
18. There could be evidence that could easily get washed away.
19. Scapel, tissue scissors and sometimes Dermestid beetles.
20. There are few labs that have space to store or hold an entire body.
21. Maceration is the sofening of the remaining tissue.
1. Reconstruction- the glueing of bones back together.
2. Sorting-multiple individuals may be present.
3. Reassembly- laying out the bones to check condition, consistency, duplication and join surface concurance.
23. That preserved elements are noted and those that are not recovered are as well. Conditions are also noted.
24. Biologically people have somewhat different appearances based on their ancestral geography. Doesn’t mean the actual person conciders themselves of that ancestry.
25. Forensic anthroplogist’s major function is to provide law enforcement with enough information about the human remains that they can be positively identified.
1. Nasal spine 3. Dentition 5. Eye orbit shape
2. Nasal sill 4. Profile projection
27. Adult skeletons only- sub adults do not show age
28. The pelvis and cranium
1. Nasal crest 3. Shape of mandible 5. General appearance
2. mastoid process 4. Browridge
30. Top of femur and humerus can be measured.
31. Only sub adult skeletons- bones stop changing after a certain age.
1. Long bone length 4. Tooth eruption
2. Union of primary ossification centers 5. Epiphyseal Union
3. Tooth formation
1. Pubic symphsis 4. Cranial suture closure
2. Auricular surface of the os coxa 5. Dental changes
3. Sternal rib ends
34. 1. Full skeletal measure 2. Stature formulas
35. They’re very reliable due to they are derived from thousands of measurements made from individuals with a known biological profile
36. Stature is often self reported and generally lied about.
37. The four characteristics used to distinguish people from one another so that positives IDs can be made. Given to law enforcement so they can be claimed by living family members and closure can be made.
So funny thing; while going through this I noticed I skipped number 13 and I thought “Great! I am now off on all my answers by one!” so I grabbed my first answer sheet I wrote out ( I find for me actually writing out the answers [while listening to Mozart] really helps me) and noticed that I didn’t just misnumber, I skipped the ENTIRE answer for 13! So they’re not off by any numbers, just missing an answer. It is amazing how the mind works…or doesn’t work.
So my professor was suppose to have her baby yesterday, which of course means she will not be in class tomorrow or for the mid-term. Which is fine as I am more than sure we’ll survive without her. As long as she comes back after Spring Break!
Speaking of which I have no big or exciting plans for Spring Break. The college kidlet will be coming home this coming Friday (OMG can we move the entire house in a week?! Is the ongoing joke presently) and leaving probably the following Saturday, I’m not quite sure. I *SHOULD* be in training during the wee hours of the mornings (12:30am-5:30am) for my new job at the Albuquerque Journal at that time, providing I pass the spelling, speed typing and drug tests. Which really shouldn’t be too much of a problem. If you are familar with said paper and familar with their online version (different from going to the website and viewing articles there) you know it looks exactly as the hard copy (printed) editions do and that will be what I am training to do. Make sure everything is looking good, where it is suppose to be and linked to the right places. Which explains the hours. Or should. There are four editions of the paper, there’s the Final which is what Albuquerque gets, the Rio Rancho edition, Santa Fe edition and Westside edition.
In a nutshell I get to sit in front of the computer for four hours a night making sure a web site looks pretty. That’s putting my Associate of Applied Sciences degree to work! LOL
Different train of thought; kidlet is coming home for Spring Break week. Did YOU go home during Spring Break? Or did you go somewhere “fun” with your friends? Last year we went to San Diego California where I murdered my cell phone by Shamu, saw an old friend I hadn’t seen in almost 20 years and saw a lot of baby seals–outside of SeaWorld. Never went to any wild places and doesn’t look like I will be any time soon. Unless you count a zoo….zoos are wild places for the most part.
Until next time, when you go to the zoo and you have younglings, don’t dress them in zebra colored or styled clothing and then visit the lion’s habitat knowing full well that only a very thick piece of plexiglass separates you and the lionesses. Although it makes for a great YouTube video, it may be wise not to encourage such dress in a place where there is no plexiglass. Say like Africa? (also note that a lionesses mouth would easily fit over a toddler’s head.)
Also anyone else upset at SeaWorld for removing Shamu Cam days before the orca was born on Valentine’s Day? Used to be my favorite way to wind down and relax; watching the orcas in San Deigo swim around and play, but they took it down to put up new ones in habitat’s I have no care for. Penguin Cam is still running and I know some people who will love Turtle cam, but I and many others seriously want Shamu Cam back up, specially since there’s a new baby swimming around damnit!